From the IEEE VTS Resource Center: Fundamentals of Connected Vehicles

11 December, 2019 | TA Resource Center

Fundamentals of Connected Vehicles

Alex Wyglinski, Worcester Polytechnic Institute

This presentation will consist of the following modules:

(1) Wireless connectivity in vehicular environments: Compared to other transmission environments, vehicular wireless networks operating in temporally and spatially dynamic topologies are very challenging to implement. Given the requirements of these networks to possess low latency and high error robustness, it is necessary to understand how these wireless transmissions interact with the surrounding mobile environment. Fundamental concepts regarding vehicular wireless channels, propagation characteristics, and spectrum utilization will be presented to provide a general understanding of this environment.

(2) Techniques for supporting wireless links between vehicles and with road-side devices: The application of wireless connectivity to vehicular platforms is nothing new. Roadside assistance services, localization and navigation services, entertainment systems, and other forms of wireless communications have been applied to vehicular systems for decades. Nevertheless, new high bandwidth and low latency applications are now being applied to vehicular platforms, and new solutions are required to meet these new performance requirements. Standards such as IEEE 802.11p and 5G are several options available to support vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-toinfrastructure (V2I) communications. This module will provide some insights on these solutions and how they can be implemented to support new applications, such as platooning, autonomous vehicles, and enhancing driver safety.

(3) Connectivity transforming traffic into the Vehicular Internet of Things: Given the rise of the Internet of Things, many are targeting the automotive industry as one application where vehicles on the road can connect to the vehicular cloud to obtain information in order to enhance their situational awareness. This Vehicular Internet of Things (VIoT) has the potential to transform how are vehicles operate, especially with respect to self-driving, powertrain control, and energy efficiency. In this module, several insights on how vehicles across a traffic scenario will be connected in order to enhance both local and global performance.

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